Caucasian Shepherd Dog - an enchanting giant

Caucasian Shepherd Dog - an enchanting giant

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a representative of the shepherd breed of guard dogs, originating from the region of the Caucasus Mountains. It has been used for centuries to protect households from intruders and livestock from various predators. It is difficult to pass by this majestic, strong and self-confident quadruped with indifference. His silhouette makes a great impression, arousing admiration and respect.

Caucasian Shepherd

The origin of the breed

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog has been known since ancient times, and its genes can be found in many modern breeds of quadrupeds around the world. For the first time he made his official debut at a dog show in the 30s in Germany. Many cynologists say that this dog is a close relative of the Balkan Sheepdogs and Asian Mastiffs. The original purpose of the caucasus only for herding and protection tasks meant that character traits did not matter much in its breeding.

The first record of this large dog, used by the army of the Armenian Tsar Tigran II, dates back to the 80st century BC. sharpened hearing, good eyesight and a dense and waterproof coat. All these features allow the use of Caucasian Shepherds in all climatic conditions, including the harshest. In the XNUMXs, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog came to Poland and won the hearts of many dog ​​lovers by storm. Currently, however, this breed has lost some popularity in our country.

Suggested sizes and widths of accessories for this breed of dog:

Here are the suggested sizes for adult dogs of this breed. They were selected on the basis of many years of experience in sewing accessories and the most common choices of other dog owners of this breed. Remember, only measuring will give you 100% certainty - every dog ​​is different.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog - breed description

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is distinguished by a huge bearish stature that is perfectly in harmony with his strong personality. According to the FCI classification, it belongs to the herding breed, molossian family, ie group II, section 2.2, standard no. 338. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is characterized by a strong and compact structure, with strong muscles and strong bones. It also has thick and dense fur. An adult male may resemble a bear with its large dimensions. Dogs of this breed are larger, more massive, but have a shorter body than bitches. A properly built male grows up to 75 cm at the withers and weighs well over 50 kg. You can meet a male weighing up to 90 kg. The height of the bitch varies between 64 and 70 cm, and her minimum weight is 45 kilograms. The Caucasus lives for about 10 - 12 years.

In many kennels you can find Caucasian Shepherd dogs of various colors, but the FCI standard excludes undesirable colors: black, liver (brown), blue. This applies to both an adult Caucasian and a puppy. Similarly, the length of his hair can also be different: short, long and semi-long. Long-haired Caucasus has a characteristic ruff, fringes and pants. The short-haired dog, on the other hand, has a very dense and quite short coat, not less than 5 cm long. The intermediate type of Caucasus is a long-haired dog without a ruff, fringe and pants. The Caucasian Shepherd's coat is basically straight, very thick and profuse.


The Caucasian Shepherd Dog shows the typical features of a Shepherd Dog. He is loyal and fearless and has a strong will. At the same time, he shows great care towards his household members and care for the property he protects. The Caucasus is also an extremely independent, vigilant quadruped. He reacts to every disturbing noise with loud barking.

Since the Caucasian dog is a very massive and energetic quadruped, it requires regular exercise. He likes challenges and performing tasks (e.g. property protection). Otherwise

an accident may become depressed, become restless, which in turn may have a destructive effect. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog shows a friendly, calm and gentle disposition towards its relatives. He is very attached to all household members and likes to spend time with him. Despite its gigantic size, the dog is considered a sweet and beloved bear in the eyes of its family members.

Attitude towards children

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog gets along very well with children, especially those they grew up with together, from a puppy. He is very gentle with them and tolerates their noisy behavior. However, one should bear in mind the huge dimensions of the caucasus, prevent it from being accidentally hit with a paw or being crushed, as it may seriously injure the little ones.

Dog health and care

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is characterized by great strength and good health, which is crucial when breeding this breed. He is rarely a patient of veterinary clinics, only because of hip dysplasia - which, however, is a problem characteristic of all large breeds. Considering its relatively low mobility and tendency to be overweight, it is worth taking care of its joints. Adequate diet should be followed, diversified with vitamin supplements and minerals. It is also worth providing him with the optimal dose of exercise. A dog of this breed is also prone to gastric dilation and twisting.

It should be noted that the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, thanks to its inherent disease resistance and excellent adaptation to unfavorable weather conditions, gained the opinion of an undemanding breed. This dog is not recommended for apartments in blocks of flats. His thick coat and undercoat ensure him comfort when staying outdoors, regardless of the weather conditions. Therefore, the Caucasus feels best in the backyard and this is where she likes to spend the most time, even if she lives with the owners at home.

A representative of this breed does not require any special care treatments. Longer hairs require regular, weekly brushing. During moulting, the sheepdog should be brushed daily, so that dirt and dust will be removed along with the shedding hair. Remember to regularly trim your dog's claws and check and clean the ears. It is also worth taking care of systematic teeth cleaning.

Who is the Caucasian Shepherd Dog for?

The Caucasian Shepherd is not a dog for everyone and there is a lot of truth to it. It definitely requires an experienced caregiver who will be able to control his independence. If the Caucasus is well brought up, it will repay you with loyalty and great friendship. Training a Caucasian Shepherd Dog requires a strong, experienced leader. Although he is very intelligent and easily assimilates commands, he likes to emphasize his autonomous character. He needs a determined teacher who will carry out the training with great patience and consistency. Training should begin with developing the characteristics of obedience, and then gradually, in a gentle way, move to the next tasks.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog - interesting facts

  • It comes from the Caucasus region and is a guard dog. The most popular was a variety of the Caucasian Shepherd dog breed from Georgia, which is widely accepted by cynological associations.
  • The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is one of the oldest breeds of the Molossian type. Archaeological finds indicate that this dog was found in ancient Mesopotamia.
  • He is a fierce guardian of his territory, including his family.
  • The communist USSR used dogs of this breed to guard prisoners and kept sheepdogs in military kennels with the intention of creating a new breed for military use.
  • East Germany, on the other hand, used Caucasian Shepherds to patrol the border along the Berlin Wall. When the wall fell, the dogs were given to German families.
  • The coat of Caucasian Shepherds comes in three lengths and a wide variety of colors. Their thick cover keeps you warm even on extremely frosty days.
  • Despite the fact that the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is an independent individual and avoids strangers, it is very gentle and caring for the household. Some dogs of this breed have even become therapy dogs (with proper training).
  • The Caucasian Shepherd Dog will be satisfied with a large yard, which he can guard, and one longer walk during the day.
  • There is an anecdote in Warsaw about how a certain gentleman bought a quadruped at the XNUMXth-Anniversary Stadium from a trader across the eastern border, which was supposed to be a Caucasian Shepherd puppy, but turned out to be ... a small bear.

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